Scientists develop ethical standards for unmanned vehicles
Obviously, in the near future unmanned vehicles will become a part of our life. With no less confidence, we can state that they will also face the problems typical for ordinary cars with drivers. Already, with the help of computers, scientists are modeling how a drones car behaves when, for example, a carefree pedestrian suddenly appears before him. That is, we are already talking about the ethical aspects of artificial intelligence.
Researchers at the Institute of Cognitive Sciences at the University of Osnabrück (Germany) have created a kind of scale for the value of living beings and objects for automated vehicles. In accordance with it, in the event of an accident, drivers, pedestrians and children will be the priority in preserving life. Then follows the animals and inanimate objects. This means that, in principle, certain ethical norms are quite relevant to the machine.
To create an “ethical” algorithm, scientists placed a group of volunteers in virtual reality, creating them convincing scenarios of various road situations.
In particular, they were asked to drive the car into a strong fog, while meeting various objects, animals and people. Decisions made by volunteers, or rather the signals of their brain, were fixed by the apparatus.
The results obtained are extremely important. In the conditions of total robotization, machines, like people, must adhere to certain ethical norms and rules, otherwise they can completely get out of control.